More Trickiness With SSH

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http://nick.zoic.org/art/etc/ssh_tricks/

 

More Trickiness With SSH

I saw an article on reddit about SSH trickery. SSH is a very subversive protocol, able to work around many kinds of unwise security policies. Here’s a couple more useful things to know.

1. Better Lurking Through .ssh/config-ery.

Where you’ve got machines lurking behind other machines, inaccesible from the Internet, you can add a clause like this to your .ssh/config file:

Host: lurker
ProxyCommand: ssh gateway.work /bin/nc %h %p
This causes ‘ssh lurker’ to open an ssh connection to gateway.work, then use nc (may be called netcat on your system, or you may have to install it yourself) to connect on to lurker (the %h %p interpolates the target hostname and port into the proxy command)

2. Reverse Tunnelling

So you’ve noticed the -L option, right, and you understand that by running:

ssh -L 3128:localhost:3128 gateway.home
you are establishing a tunnel home to your proxy server, and you can now configure your web browser to use localhost:3128 as its proxy server to keep your web traffic private.

But did you know this one? Let’s say you’ve got a machine stuck out in DMZ land and you want to apt-get upgrade the poor thing, pronto. You can’t access the web from this box: security policy. You can’t access your internal proxy: ditto. All you can do is ssh into it. Try this:

ssh -R 3128:proxy.work:3128 dmzbox.work
From your shell on dmzbox, you can now configure the http proxy as localhost:3128 and start sucking down packages via the reverse tunnel.

3. Tunnel Tunnelling

Every now and then, you need to get control of a box which is sadly hidden away behind a broken hotel NAT network or some kind of Get Smart style VPN setup. You can’t even get an ssh in. It’s either read Unix commands over an international phone line at 3am your time, or train a pigeon to tap out the following:

ssh -L 2222:localhost:22 gateway.work
which, when run on the remote box, opens an ssh tunnel back home, through which you can ssh back into the remote box with ssh -p 2222 localhost

4. ssh tunnels with tap and -w

There’s also a (newish) “-w” option, which turns ssh into a full-on VPN solution rather than just a port-at-a-time port forwarder.

The useful piece of information which I haven’t seen elsewhere is this: you don’t need to allow root ssh logins to use it. Instead, you can use ‘tunctl’ to preconfigure tun or tap devices on each end with the -u option to set their permissions to a non-root user. The easiest place to do this, on Debian/Ubuntu systems, is in /etc/network/interfaces, for example, in host1:/etc/network/interfaces:

auto tap9
iface tap9 inet static
pre-up tunctl -u nick -t $IFACE
post-down tunctl -d $IFACE
address 10.1.9.1
netmask 255.255.255.0
and in host2:/etc/network/interfaces:

auto tap9
iface tap9 inet static
pre-up tunctl -u nick -t $IFACE
post-down tunctl -d $IFACE
address 10.1.9.2
netmask 255.255.255.0
Now you can ‘ifup’ those interfaces, and then start the VPN by running:

user@host2$  ssh -o Tunnel=Ethernet -w9:9 host1
And the tunnel will be up and running, without needing to create the tunnel as root. You could easily take this one further for an automatic tunnel, setting

 

© 2009-2011 Nick Moore. Published at: http://nick.zoic.org/art/etc/ssh_tricks/

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Remains of the Day: Microsoft Urges Users to Ditch Internet Explorer 6, XP [For What It’s Worth]

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Rumors abound regarding new features in a speculated iPhone OS 4.0, our favorite web developer extension, Firebug, gets a big update, and Microsoft asks its users to move away from IE6 and Windows XP.

Photo via Internet Explorer 6 Uninstall Day.







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Rumor: Apple iPhone OS 4.0 Features Detailed [Iphone4.0]

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That’s right, y’all. We’re back at it, and this time we’ve received some exclusive iPhone OS 4.0 details from one of our trusty Apple connects.

Here are some iPhone OS 4.0 features, according to our guy:

• There will be multi-touch gestures OS-wide. (Would make sense for that as the rumored OS for the iTablet is close if not the same as the iPhone)
• “A few new ways” to run applications in the background – multitasking.
• Many graphical and UI changes to make navigating through the OS easier and more efficient. We haven’t had this broken down, but we can only hope for improved notifications, a refreshed homescreen, etc.
• The update will supposedly be available for only the iPhone 3G and 3GS, but will “put them ahead in the smartphone market because it will make them more like full-fledged computers” more than any other phone to date. Everyone is “really excited.”
• The last piece of information is the most vague, but apparently there will be some brand new syncing ability for the contacts and calendar applications.

That’s all we have for now! Who can’t wait for next Wednesday?

Thanks, Lindsey!

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